How They're Made

How Area Rugs are Made

How a rug is made influences its cost & quality.

Handmade rugs are carefully crafted and of excellent quality. For this reason, handmade rugs tend to be more expensive than machine-made rugs. However, if cared for properly handmade rugs can provide beauty and comfort for decades.

Machine-made rugs are affordable and versatile. These rugs are available for every budget and in a broad range of natural and synthetic materials.

  • Type
  • Hand-Knotted Hand Knotted
  • Hand-Tufted Hand Tufted
  • Hand-Woven Hand Woven
  • Machine-Made Machine Made
  • About
  • A lifetime investment. Individual craftsmanship means intricate detail, rich color and unmatched quality.
  • Plush handmade rugs suitable in formal or informal spaces. A denser pile (usually wool) provides long-lasting resistance to traffic and wear.
  • Handmade flat-weave rugs are completely reversible and fit perfectly under doors and furniture.
  • Mimic the look and feel of handmade pieces. Available in stain-resistant synthetics and beautiful natural fibers.
  • Price
  • 4 
  • 3 
  • 2 
  • 2 
  • Durability
  • 4 
  • 3 
  • 3 
  • 2 

How to Measure

How to Measure Area Rugs

A beautiful rug can make a room. Get the most out of yours by choosing the right size for your space.

Dining Rooms

Dining Rooms

For the best look and experience, dining room rugs should extend beyond the chairs when pulled out.

Determine size by measuring the length and width of the table and adding 54 inches to each measurement. This leaves 27 inches on every side of the table – enough room for chairs.

Living Rooms & Great Rooms

Living Rooms & Great Rooms

Use appropriately sized rugs to define a smaller space within a large room. Your rug and furniture should visually anchor one another. You can:

  • Center the coffee table on the rug with a consistent gap between the rug and the surrounding furniture.
  • Place all four legs of the coffee table and the front legs of all surrounding furniture on the rug.
  • Extend the rug an equal distance beneath the furniture on all sides.


When choosing a pattern, consider that the bed will cover most of the rug. To ensure a balanced look and feel, allow 36 inches on each side of the bed.

Alternatively, create a similar effect with smaller coordinating area rugs at the foot and on either side of the bed.

What They're Made Of

  • Type
  • wool rugs 
  • natural rugs 
  • synthetic rugs 
  • About
  • Wool

    This natural staple fiber is the standard against which other rugs are measured. It has been the preferred material for rugs for centuries.
  • Natural (including jute, sisal and cotton)

    Made from plant and animal products, these fibers have distinct looks that complement unique decor.
  • Synthetic (including nylon, olefin, acrylic, viscose)

    These cost effective man-made materials come with a variety of built-in benefits.
  • Benefits
    1. Soft and luxurious
    2. Durable and resilient
    3. Soil and stain resistant
    4. Easy to clean
    1. Durable
    2. Naturally sourced
    3. Distinctive appearance
    4. Sisal is static-free and colorfast
    1. Weather and water resistant
    2. Soil, stain and fade resistant
    3. Easy to clean
    4. Cost effective

How to Maintain

How to Maintain an Area Rug

Proper care will prolong the life of your rug. Follow these guidelines to enjoy a beautiful, comfortable rug for years to come.

Vacuum Rugs with Care

Vacuum with Care

Using the right vacuum settings will prevent damage to your rug.
To clean most effectively with the least wear:

  • Do not vacuum fringes. These knots hold the rug together and may cause fraying if damaged.
  • Set the beater bar to the highest setting. This will keep the brush from pulling at the surface fibers of your rug, which can cause faster wear and fading.
Rotate Rugs Regularly

Rotate Regularly

Rich color is part of a rug's beauty; protect it with regular rotation. This will create even wear that is less noticeable and minimize color changes due to sun exposure.

Use a Rug Pad

Use a Rug Pad

Even rugs that are already resistant to wear and fading need a rug pad. Using a quality rug pad under your rug will:

  • prolong the look of your rug.
  • create additional cushion.
  • provide a sound barrier.
  • make vacuuming easier.
  • protect the floor from damage caused by the rug's backing.